Background: Traumatic Brain Injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the
pediatric population affecting millions of people yearly. It is important that practitioners have the
knowledge and skills to care for these complicated patients, as the initial care can significantly affect
the course of the injury. We discuss the initial management of traumatic brain injury based on
mild, moderate and severe presentations.
Result and Conclusion: Management strategies to address Intracranial Pressure and Cerebral perfusion
pressure, the use of oxygenation and ventilation strategies, temperature, correction of metabolic
abnormalities and seizure care are discussed.
Keywords: Head injury, pediatric, trauma, abnormalities, intracranial pressure, morbidity.
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