Translational medicine is a complex and multidisciplinary network of activities that requires
a large number of different competencies. There is a high demand of people with the necessary skills to
successfully coordinate these processes. These skills range from understanding scientific and regulatory
processes to intellectual property and entrepreneurial related aspects.
While it has become clear that new programs are needed to educate such specialists, not many programs
addressing this demand are currently being offered.
In this review, we will discuss the need for translational and entrepreneurial medicine and its
challenges, the importance of educating people with very unique skills to embrace these challenges and
discuss available educational programs in translational medicine in terms of their curriculum, but also
pedagogical concepts. Finally, we will present a new program in translational and entrepreneurial
medicine, which we are developing at the newly created Swiss Institute for Translational and
Keywords: Translational medicine, translational research, entrepreneurship, medical translators, knowledge brokers, blended
learning, digital innovation, convergence of technologies.
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