Bigger Influence by Smaller Particles in Tactile-Visual Cross-Modal Roughness Perception of Fine Surface

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Mohd Usairy Syafiq, Jiajia Yang*, Yinghua Yu, Jinglong Wu.

Journal Name: Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering

Volume 5 , 2017


Background: Cognition of surface roughness at the same time by the two senses (tactile and visual) is still unde-clared, and how both effects on each other could be intriguing. The main factor for roughness estimation of fine surface (spa-tial features below 200 µm) is also unknown until present. Objective: In order to see the difference between cognition of both condition, we conducted two unimodal and two bimodal tasks involving both modalities using fine sandpapers. Tactile stimuli consisted of six types of different sandpapers that var-ied in their roughness, while visual stimuli are images of the correspondence tactile stimuli Methods: In unimodal task, subjects need to compare which stimulus perceived were rougher, visually and tactually, while multiple sensory of visual and tactile were mixed in bimodal task. We also varied the type of roughness in bimodal task into two categories to discover whether there is any acceleration or suppression by different stimuli. Results: We found that tactile sensory was dominant in the perception of roughness by fine surface. During cross modalities, visual information has almost no effects toward tactile sensory, but in the other hand tactile information had significance ef-fects onto visual sensory. Furthermore, we found that stimuli with smaller particles bring more interference into subject’s perception compared to bigger particles in fine surface Conclusion: We suggest that particles sizes are as significant as the modalities in visual, tactile, or multisensory integration of both, in roughness perception of fine surface.

Keywords: Visuotactile, crossmodal, roughness, texture perception, fine surface texture

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Article Details

Year: 2017
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2213385205666170801151630
Price: $95

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