Current Developments in Stroke

Current Developments in Stroke

Volume: 2

Understanding Stroke in a Global Context

Stroke is one of the most debilitating diseases which poses a significant economic burden on society. Increasing exposure to behavioural risk factors for stroke (tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical ...
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Global Stroke Burden and Stroke Prevention

Pp. 41-62 (22)

Rita V. Krishnamurthi, Priya Parmar, Graeme J. Hankey and Valery L. Feigin

Abstract

Population ageing and increasing exposure to behavioural and environmental risk factors are increasing the worldwide burden of stroke. Since 1990, there has been a significant increase in absolute numbers of strokes and the number of deaths from stroke. The burden of stroke is higher in low- and middle-income countries and, in particular, increasing in the younger age groups. The major risk factors for stroke are well established, and many of these, particularly behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, are modifiable. Hence, stroke is a highly preventable disease. Primary prevention is the key strategy for reducing the global health impact of stroke. This chapter presents the most recent updates from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2013 studies and discusses stroke prevention strategies.

Keywords:

Carotid artery stenting, Carotid endarterectomy, DALYs, Epidemiology, Global Burden of Diseases, Global burden, Incidence, Injuries and Risk Factors Study (GBD), Low- and middle-income countries prevention, Mobile technology, Mortality, Prevalence, Stroke.

Affiliation:

National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.