Caffeine and Glucose Metabolism at Rest Period, During, and Post Exercise in Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review

Author(s): Luiz Augusto Da Silva*, Jessica Wouk, Vinicius Muller Reis Weber, Pablo de Almeida, Julio Cesar Lacerda Martins, Carlos Ricardo Maneck Malfatti, Raul Osiecki.

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2018

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Abstract:

Purpose: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is correlated with a group of diseases related to the metabolism of glucose that is increasingly affecting the population, being considered a public health problem. Exercise increases absorption of glucose by the muscles during, pre- and post- periods of effort, therefore, it is an excellent treatment strategy to maintain the glycemic control of diabetic patients. Caffeine intake enhances Ca2+ concentration in β pancreatic cells, affecting insulin secretion.

Materials and Methods: Systematic review with a sample of six scientific papers published in academic journals. Only studies involving soccer players (professionals and amateurs, except goalkeepers) were included in this review.

Results and Conclusion: Studies included in this review concluded that caffeine might act in several ways in glucose metabolism; however, more researches are necessary to elucidate the real effects of this compound in the organism.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, glucose control, glycemia, insulin, metabolism, pancreatic cells.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2018
Page: [293 - 299]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573401313666170724114054
Price: $58

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