Recent Advances in the Synthesis of Naratriptan: An Anti-Migraine Drug

Author(s): Tanzeela Abdul Fattah, Aamer Saeed*.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Naratriptan 1 is a selective serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT1 receptor subtype agonist used for the treatment of acute attacks of migraine headaches and for cluster headaches. Since its discovery in 1998 by GlaxoSmithKline, a number of synthetic methods have been reported up till now. This review aims to focus soberly the various synthetic key routes used for the synthesis of naratriptan 1 in high yields. An effort has been carried out to provide an overview of practical, safe and scalable methods for the preparation of naratriptan, describing various Pd-catalyzed Heck reactions, Matsuda– Heck coupling, Fischer indolizations, Sonogashira coupling, Japp-Klingemann reaction and TiCl4- mediated indolization. Moreover, the precursors utilized in the synthesis have been described briefly.

Keywords: Naratriptan, migraine, synthesis, indole, Heck reaction, Sonogashira, Fischer indolization.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [122 - 140]
Pages: 19
DOI: 10.2174/1570193X14666170721145507

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