Background: Modified pyrimidines is a very important pharmacophore core of naturally
occurring and synthetic bioactive compounds, interacting with the synthesis and function of nucleic
acids, interfering with biosynthetic pathways and competing for the same binding sites of naturally
Method: C5-arylalkynyl glucopyranonucleosides 3, 5 and -3´-C-trifluoromethyl-β-D-allopyranonucleosides
of uracil 13, were synthesized using the one-step Sonogashira reaction under microwave irradiation
and subsequent deprotection. Hydrogenation of acetylated 2a,e,i,j,k,n with NiCl2 and NaBH4,
gave C5-phenylethenyl 6n and C5-arylethyl 8a,e,i,j,k uracil pyranonucleosides, which upon deacetylation,
afforded the unprotected pyranonucleosides 7n and 9a,e,i,j,k, respectively.
Results: The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their potential cytostatic activities in
Conclusion: The results of the cytostatic examinations indicated that compounds 2a,e,i,j and 12c,d
are suitable candidates for further biological studies on lead drug and structural optimization.