Combination of Multifunctional Nanoparticles and Interventional Techniques Makes Each Other Going Further in the Field of Cancer Treatment

Author(s): Haibo Shao*, Tengchuang Ma, Duo Hong, Wenhuan Xu, Shuai Li, Ronald S. Arellano, Ke Xu.

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 19 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Nano-oncology and interventional oncology are both rapidly emerging fields in cancer therapies. Synergistic combination of the both fields offers drastic improvements in performance and efficacy of cancer killing agents.

Objective: This review is to overview the studies focusing on these two crossing fields and to give an overlook of their future development. Interventional techniques such as selective arterial catheterization, irreversible electroporation (IRE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) dramatically enhanced cancer targetability and anticancer efficacy of nanoparticles (NPs). Furthermore, synergistic effects were observed when using different interventional techniques together on NPs directed cancer treatments. On the other hand, NPs improved thermal ablation as well by fundamentally improving heating efficiency, facilitating heat triggered local drug delivery, and increasing cancer control in marginal peri-ablated zones and distant regions.

Conclusion: Crossing applications of the both techniques such as percutaneous delivery of near infrared (NIR) into deep tumors by needle insertion and conformal thermal ablation are highly anticipated.

Keywords: Nanoparticles, interventional radiology, cancer treatment, synergistic effects, near infrared, tumor thermal ablation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [94 - 99]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389200218666170710185906
Price: $58

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