Physical Disability and Diabetes Mellitus; Qualitative Exploration of Patients’ Perception and Behavior

Author(s): Syed Wasif Gillani*, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad.

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes.

Objective: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Methods: Interview sessions were conducted at diabetes clinic – Penang general hospital. The invited participants represented three major ethnic groups of Malaysia (Malay, Chinese & Indians). An openended approach was used to elicit answers from participants. Interview questions were related to participant’s perception towards self-monitoring blood glucose practices, Awareness towards diet management, behaviour to diabetes medication and cues of action.

Results: A total of twenty-one diabetes patients between the ages 35 - 67 years with physical disability (P1-P21) were interviewed. The cohort of participants was dominated by Males (n=12) and also distribution pattern showed that majority of participants were Malay (n=10), followed by Chinese (n=7) and rest Indians (n=4). When the participants were asked in their opinion what was the preferred method of recording blood glucose tests, several participants from low socioeconomic status and either divorced or widowed denied to adapt telemontoring instead preferred to record manually. There were mixed responses about the barriers to control diet/calories. Even patients with high economic status, middle age 35-50 and diabetes history of 5-10 years were influenced towards alternative treatments.

Conclusion: Study concluded that patients with physical disability required extensive care and effective strategies to control glucose metabolism.

Keywords: Patient education, counseling, disease understanding, diabetes mellitus, qualitative study, behavior.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2018
Page: [472 - 480]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1573399813666170710183736
Price: $58

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