Background: Overproduction of biologically relevant free radicals in vascular tissues
contributes to the development of endothelial dysfunction and progression of atherosclerotic lesions.
Hypochlorite is a potent oxidizing and chlorinating ion, and its overproduction by neutrophils
is linked to the development of vascular damage. Resveratrol has shown vasoprotective effects in
several experimental models of vascular dysfunction.
Objective: This study was performed to assess the effects of resveratrol on hypochlorite-induced
Methods: Endothelial dysfunction was induced in isolated rat aortic rings by incubation with 75 µM
sodium hypochlorite. The vasoprotective effect of resveratrol at concentrations of 0.1, 1 and 10 µM
was assessed by adding it to a buffer solution for 30 min before or after incubation with sodium
Results: Incubating aortic rings with sodium hypochlorite induced endothelial dysfunction, whereas
aortic rings incubated with 10 µM resveratrol before and after adding sodium hypochlorite showed
less pronounced endothelial dysfunction, as evidenced by higher maximal relaxation and lower
EC50 values. Treating aortic rings with 75 µM hypochlorite, 10 µM resveratrol or a combination of
the two did not affect endothelium-independent relaxation.
Conclusion: The results reveal that resveratrol attenuates the development of hypochlorite-induced