Background: This paper reviews segmentation techniques for 2D ultrasound fetal images.
Fetal anatomy measurements derived from the segmentation results are used to monitor the
growth of the fetus.
Discussion: The segmentation of fetal ultrasound images is a difficult task due to inherent artifacts
and degradation of image quality with gestational age. There are segmentation techniques for particular
biological structures such as head, stomach, and femur. The whole fetal segmentation algorithms
are only very few.
Conclusion: This paper presents a review of these segmentation techniques and the metrics used to
evaluate them are summarized.
Keywords: Segmentation, fetal, ultrasound, review, anatomy, femur length, biometric measurements, quality metrics.
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