Background: Daptomycin (DPT) is the first lipopeptide antibiotic available for commercialization,
approved by FDA in 2003 and not included in any official compendia.
Introduction: A simple capillary zone electrophoresis method (CZE) to assay DPT injection was developed
according to international guidelines.
Methods: The method employed a 15 mmol L-1 pH 8.0 phosphate buffer and acetonitrile (85:15) as
background electrolyte, with a voltage of 27 kV, hydrodynamic injection (50 mBar/5 s), and detection
at 223 nm. The separation was achieved in a fused silica capillary with 40 cm of effective length, at
22°C, and acetylsalicylic acid was used as internal standard. The specificity was evaluated through a
stress test combined with the PDA detector. As a result, the method was specific, even in the presence
of degradation products. Detection was assessed around 5.5 min and the method was linear in the range
of 20-120 µg mL-1 (r=0.9989).
Results: The results also indicated the precision (RSD values of repeatability and intermediate precision
< 2%), and accuracy (mean recovery of 101.26%) of the method. By a full factorial design 23, it was
observed that none of the single factors or the combination of them affected the DPT assay, confirming
the method robust.
Conclusion: The method proved to be suitable to determine daptomycin injection, in quality control
routine assays or in stability studies, and represents an environmentally friendly method.