Using β-Amino Acids and β-Peptide Templates to Create Bioactive Ligands and Biomaterials

Author(s): Mark P Del Borgo, Ketav Kulkarni, Marie-Isabel Aguilar*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 23 , Issue 26 , 2017

Abstract:

β-Amino acids are being increasingly used in the design of bioactive ligands and more recently in the generation of novel biomaterials. Peptides containing either individual β-amino acid substitutions or peptides comprised entirely of β-amino acids, display unique properties in terms of their structural and/or chemical characteristics. β-Peptides form well-defined secondary structures that exhibit different geometries compared to the corresponding α-peptides. β-Peptides, including α-peptides containing only one or two β-amino acids, can be easily modified with different functional groups and are metabolically stable and, together with the predictable side chain topography, have led to the design of a growing number of bioactive β-peptides with a range of biological targets and therapeutic applications. More recently, our understanding of the folding and self-assembly of β-peptides has resulted in the generation of novel biomaterials. The focus of this review is to examine how the structural and chemical properties of β-peptides have been exploited in the design of bioactive peptides and selfassembled nanomaterials.

Keywords: β-Peptides, β-amino acids, peptidomimetic, bioactive ligand, proteolytic stability, self-assembly, biomaterials.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 26
Year: 2017
Page: [3772 - 3785]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666170616083031
Price: $58

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