Frontiers in Pain Science

Frontiers in Pain Science

New Non-opioid Analgesics: Understanding Molecular Mechanisms on the Basis of Patch-clamp and chemical Studies

The monograph is a summary of methods used to study pain receptors and the results obtained in some experiments designed to study the effect of non-opioid analgesics. The molecular mechanisms of ...
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Possible Mechanisms of Binding of Gamma- Pyrones to the Opioid-Like Receptor

Pp. 62-95 (34)

Boris V. Krylov, Ilia V. Rogachevskii, Tatiana N. Shelykh and Vera B. Plakhova

Abstract

Derivatives of gamma-pyrone show their remarkable ability to trigger the novel mechanism of NaV1.8 channels modulation described in Chapter 1. Unlike morphine, which activates both opioid and opioid-like receptors, comenic acid specifically switches on the latter mechanism involving Na+,K+-ATPase as the signal transducer. It is extremely important that not any gamma-pyrone derivative can decrease the voltage sensitivity of NaV1.8 channels, though all molecules studied herein share a rather similar chemical structure. A very productive approach which makes it possible to elucidate the peculiarities of ligand-receptor binding on the molecular level is combined application of quantum-chemical calculations and the patch-clamp method. Below we present our findings that explain a totally unevident result of highly selective binding of gamma-pyrone derivatives to the opioid-like receptor. Understanding of this mechanism opens up opportunities for creation of a novel class of analgesics.

Keywords:

Ca2+ chelate complex, Gamma-pyrone derivatives, Limiting slope procedure, NaV1.8 channels, Nociception, Opioid-like receptor, Patch-clamp method, Quantum-chemical calculations.

Affiliation:

I.P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences St. Petersburg, Russia.