Background: Electrochemical DNA sensor is a convenient and sensitive method for the detection
of target ssDNA sequence. The developments of nanomaterials modified electrodes provide
more opportunity for the enhancement of the analytical performances.
Objective: The aim of this paper is to construct a new electrochemical DNA sensor for the detection of
Staphylococcus aureus nuc gene sequence with a chitosan-graphene (CTS-GR) and gold nanoparticles
(AuNPs) modified electrode.
Methods: Electrodeposition was used to synthesize AuNPs directly on carbon ionic liquid electrode
(CILE) to obtain AuNPs/CILE. Then CTS-GR nanocomposite was dropped on the surface of
AuNPs/CILE to obtain CTS-GR/AuNPs/CILE. The nanocomposite on the electrode was suitable for
immobilization of probe ssDNA sequence with electrostatic attraction. Hybridization took place with
the complementary ssDNA sequences and assessed with methylene blue (MB) as electrochemical indicator.
Results: Due to the synergistic effects of CTS-GR and AuNPs, the modified electrode exhibited excellent
electrochemical performances. The reduction peak currents of MB were in line with the concentration
of the specific nuc gene sequences from 1.0×10-13 to 1.0×10-6 mol L-1 with a detection limit of
3.33×10-14 mol L-1 (3δ). This electrochemical DNA sensor displayed prominent selectivity to distinct
different mismatched ssDNA sequences.
Conclusion: This electrochemical DNA biosensor exhibited properties such as higher sensitivity, wider
linear range and lower detection limit, which were further applied to the PCR product detection with