Focus on Pleiotropic Role of HMGB1 in the Onset of Allergic and Non- Allergic Respiratory Diseases

Author(s): Sara Manti, Salvatore Leonardi*, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Dominique De Vivo, Francesca Porcino, Carmelo Salpietro, Caterina Cuppari.

Journal Name: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: HMGB1 is a marker of inflammation that belongs to the alarmins family promoting an immediate activation of the innate immune response, such as chemotaxis and proinflammatory cytokine release, in response to tissue damage. The aim of this mini review is summarized what is known about the role of HMGB1 in onset and development of allergic and not allergic respiratory disorders.

Methods: A literature search of electronic database was udertaken for the major studies published from 2012 to date. The databases searched were: PubMed and Science Direct. We used the keywords: "HMGB1, respiratory diseases, airway diseases, allergic respiratory diseases, rhinitis, nasal polyposis, asthma, infectious diseases, COPD, cystic fibrosis "

Results: Of 207 reviewed reports, 43 were included in this systematic review. Studies look at HMGB1 as a new molecule orchestrating a homeostatic defensive response essential for the occurrence, progression, and persistence both of allergic and not allergic respiratory diseases. In particular, HMGB1 has been implicated in the pathophysiology both of allergic rhinitis and asthma as well as in chronic rhinitis, nasal polyposis, infectious diseases and cystic fibrosis.

Conclusion: HMGB1, as causal molecule for several diseases, has stimulated an increasing interest in the field of inflammation research, providing new useful data for understanding disease processes as well as opening scenarios for new therapeutic strategies.

Keywords: Allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis, cystic fibrosis, HMGB1, infectious diseases, nasal polyposis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [14 - 18]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1573398X13666170529113627
Price: $58

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