T-DM1 in the Neo-Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Impact of the KRISTINE (TRIO-021) Trial

Author(s): Alicia FC Okines*.

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 12 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) can facilitate breast conservation, allows in vivo testing of chemotherapy sensitivity and provides a route to accelerated approval of new therapies. For HER2 positive breast cancer, the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab, is a standard component of neo-adjuvant therapy.

Pertuzumab is an anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody with a distinct binding site to trastuzumab, which prevents HER2 receptor dimerisation. In early breast cancer, the addition of pertuzumab to docetaxel and trastuzumab resulted in a higher rate of pathological complete response (pCR), leading to accelerated approval in many territories. T-DM1 is a novel antibody-drug conjugate, combining trastuzumab with a potent cytotoxic, DM1, a maytansine derivative, via a stable thioether linker. In advanced breast cancer (ABC), T-DM1 improves survival compared to standard 2nd or 3rd line regimens, but not compared to first line chemotherapy plus trastuzumab. The KRISTINE trial investigated the combination of T-DM1 with pertuzumab compared to standard chemotherapy plus trastuzumab and pertuzumab in early breast cancer.

Methods: This review summarises the data supporting current standards in the neo-adjuvant treatment of HER2 positive early breast cancer and the impact of the KRISTINE trial results.

Results: T-DM1 with pertuzumab did not improve pCR over standard therapy, although the novel combination was better tolerated, and a sub-group of patients (44%) achieved pCR with the systemic chemotherapy-free regimen. This suggests that not all HER2 positive early breast cancer patients require systemic chemotherapy and provides the potential, if these patients can be identified up-front, to de-escalate therapy.

Conclusion: Although the KRISTINE trial results have not changed the standard of care for the neoadjuvant management of HER2 positive breast cancer, further research is needed to determine whether T-DM1 could be used to de-escalate NAC for selected patients.

Keywords: Breast cancer, HER2, pertuzumab, taxane, T-DM1, trastuzumab.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [216 - 222]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1574887112666170529094911
Price: $58

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