Synthesis and Assessment of Novel Anti-chlamydial Benzylidene Acylhydrazides Derivatives

Author(s): Xiaofeng Bao, Ying Xue, Chao Xia, Yin Lu, Ningjing Yang, Yu Zhao*.

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Chlamydiae, characterized by a unique biphasic life cycle, are a group of Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens responsible for diseases in a range of hosts including humans. Benzylidene acylhydrazide CF0001 could inhibit chlamydiae independent of iron starvation and T3SS inhibition. This finding promoted us to design and synthesize more benzylidene acylhydrazides to find novel anti-chlamydial agents.

Methods: The carboxylic acids 1a-1d were coupled with Boc-hydrazide inpresence of EDCI and DMAP to obtain the intermediate 2a-2d in 60-62% yields. N-Boc deprotections were performed to obtain hydrazide hydrochloride salt 3a-3d. Nextly, the hydrazides were subjected to condensation with aldehydes to obtain benzylidene acylhydrazides 4a-4g in 30-52% yields in two steps.

Results: Compound 4d exhibited best inhibitory effect on the formation and growth of chlamydial inclusions. The IC50 value of compound 4d for infectious progenies was 3.55 µM, better than 7.30 µM of CF0001.

Conclusion: To find novel anti-chlamydial agents, we have designed and synthesized benzylidene acylhydrazides 4a-4g. Compounds 4a, 4d, 4g showed inhibitory activity on C. muridarum with the IC50 values from 3.55-12 µM. The 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyl substitutes on ring B are critical to keep their anti-chlamydial activity. Compound 4d inhibited C. muridarum in a dose-dependent manner without apparent cytotoxicity.

Keywords: Benzylidene acylhydrazides, synthesis, anti-chlamydial, Chlamydia muridarum, synthesized compounds, hela cells.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2018
Page: [31 - 36]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1570180814666170526170227

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