TARDBP Ala382Thr Mutation in Multiple Sclerosis: A Possible Role in Brain Atrophy

Author(s): Lorena Lorefice*, Giuseppe Fenu , Maria R. Murru , Vincenzo Sechi, Jessica Frau, Giancarlo Coghe , Stefania Cuccu , Stefania Tranquilli , Eleonora Cocco, Maria G. Marrosu .

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic multifactorial disease of the central nervous system, specifically characterized by inflammatory demyelination and primary neurodegeneration. Recently, a possible role for the TARDBP Ala382Thr mutation in inducing neurodegeneration in MS has been hypothesized, considering its confirmed role in other neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the present study was to explore if this mutation plays a role in inducing or enhancing the brain atrophy in MS.

Methods: The study included a group of MS patients carrying the TARDBP Ala382Thr mutation, genetically tested at the MS Centre of the University of Cagliari. Mutated MS patients were age, sex, disease course and EDSS-matched with MS patients without mutation, randomly selected from the genetic database. Recruited patients underwent a brain MRI with a 1.5 Tesla Siemens scanner. Volumes of Whole Brain (WB),White Matter (WM) and Grey Matter (GM) were estimated with SIENAX. The difference in brain volumes was assessed with independent samples t-test.

Results: Lower WM volumes resulted significantly associated to mutated group (688.68 ml ± 36.55 vs. 713,22 ml ± 27.34; p 0.03). No difference in WB and GM volumes was reported between the two groups.

Discussion and Conclusion: Despite this mutation does not play a major role in MS pathogenesis, it may contribute in enhancing the brain atrophy, especially for WM. However, additional studies in other MS populations are needed to better know this issue.

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, neurodegeneration, TARDBP Ala382Thr mutation, brain atrophy, whole brain, white matter.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2018
Page: [95 - 98]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1573405613666170517151230
Price: $58

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