Physicochemical and Structural Studies on Shaping of β-hairpin in Proteins as a First Stage of Amyloid Formation

Author(s): Joanna Makowska*.

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 18 , Issue 12 , 2017

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Abstract:

The aggregation of proteins or their digested fragments through β-sheet structures has a great significance because it leads to neurodegenerative diseases, which are a problem of the aging societies of the developed countries. Short peptides are typically used as models to study the formation of specific structures. However, while the formation of α-helical structure was investigated thoroughly, until recently, there have been much fewer studies on the formation of β-structure. In this review, recent experimental and theoretical studies of β-hairpin-forming peptides, both model alaninebased systems, and those based on the fragments of real proteins, are summarized with regard to the role of hydrophobic, local, and Coulombic interactions. It is demonstrated that the presence of charged residues can induce a bent structure not only owing to the formation of salt bridges if oppositely- charged residues present at the ends of a sequence but also through shielding the hydrophobic interior by like-charged residues at the end of the sequence.

Keywords: Protein folding, β-hairpin formation, acid-base equilibria, conformational ensembles, molecular dynamics.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2017
Page: [1244 - 1253]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389203718666170516111601
Price: $58

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