MRI Evaluation Using DWI and T2WI of Residual Lymph Nodes in patients Affected by Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treated with Chemo-Radiotherapy

Author(s): Francesca Piludu , Emma Gangemi* , Laura Marucci , Antonino Guerrisi , Raul Pellini , Renato Covello , Paolo Carlini , Giuseppe Spriano , Giuseppe Sanguineti , Simona Marzi , Antonello Vidiri .

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2018

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Abstract:

Objective: the purpose of this study was to assess residual neck nodes after Chemo- Radiotherapy (CRT) using diffusion and T2 weighted imaging.

Methods: Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) and T2 signal intensity were retrospectively analyzed in 45 residual nodes 8 weeks after the end of CRT. Sensitivity, specificity, Positive and Negative Predictive Values (PPV, NPV) and accuracy of diffusion and T2 weighted sequences were calculated. In a subgroup of 25 patients ADC and T2 signal intensity were compared to Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET-CT) results. Histopathology and a 24 months follow- up after CRT were used as reference standard.

Results: T2 signal intensity showed an accuracy of 63%, a sensitivity of 73.3%, a specificity of 55.6%, a PPV of 53.8% and a NPV of 75%. ADC showed an accuracy of 71.1%, using a threshold of 1.25 10-3 mm2/s, a sensitivity of 52.6%, a specificity of 84.6%, a PPV of 71.4% and a NPV of 71%. The combination of T2 signal intensity and ADC showed an accuracy of 73.3%, a sensitivity of 50%, a specificity of 84.6%, a PPV of 60% and a NPV of 78.7%. In the subset of 25 patients we correlated ADC and T2 data with PET-CT data: the latter showed higher accuracy, sensitivity and NPV and lower specificity; the PPV was similar between the two methods.

Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that MRI, using diffusion and T2 weighted imaging, has high specificity in detecting post-CRT residual neck nodes but it has a lower accuracy, sensitivity and NPV than PET-CT.

Keywords: Lymph nodes, diffusion weighted imaging, T2 weighted imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, treatment response, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, residual tumour.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2018
Page: [599 - 608]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573405613666170511144943
Price: $58

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