Cancer Preventive and Therapeutic Compounds: Gift From Mother Nature

Cancer is a major cause of deaths all around the globe. Although numerous anticancer drugs are available, most of them are expensive and have serious side effects. Natural compounds are usually ...
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Translation of Natural Products into Clinically Effective Drugs: How Far We Have Gone

Pp. 182-193 (12)

Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Ilhan Yaylim, Rukset Attar, Muhammad Zahid Qureshi, Faiza Yasmeen and Sobia Tabassum


Data obtained from Human Genome Project has helped in transition of human diseases from a segmented view to a conceptual continuum. In accordance with this approach, identification of new gene targets has reinvigorated the field of natural product research and predominantly scientists are working to obtain these drugs through the use of high-throughput screening technologies and combinatorial chemistry. It is noteworthy that natural product templates combined with chemistry to selectively produce analogues will have higher chances of success. In this chapter we have attempted to summarize most recent advancements in clinical trials of natural products in different cancers. Keeping in view that structural variants contribute to the genomic landscape, multi-region whole-genome sequencing of hundreds of tumors will be helpful for a better understanding intra and inter-population genetic variability. Moreover, rapidly evolving field of nutrigenomics will play its part by tailoring the food or nutrition to the individual genotype. As we have developed deeper knowledge related to how wide ranging natural products modify cellular mechanisms, we may find that the continuum from pharmaceuticals to nutraceuticals through food-based biologically active phytochemicals will bring the disciplines of nutrigenomics and pharmacogenomics closer together.


Apoptosis, Cancer, Metastasis, Phytochemicals, Signaling.


Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering (IBGE), Islamabad, Pakistan.