Gender Medicine and Pharmacoeconomics: A Narrative Review of the International Literature of the Last 5 Years. A Revision of Evidences about the Relationship Between Gender and Economic Consumption in Health

Author(s): Delia Colombo, Lucia Simoni, Emanuela Zagni*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 23 , Issue 25 , 2017

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Abstract:

Introduction: The influence of patient gender on the economic impact of health care has increasingly been examined in the recent literature. Gender appears to have an impact on healthcare resource consumption, due to possible differences in the patient’s response to a chosen therapeutic management strategy or to a healthcare intervention.

Objective: The present work is aimed at collecting and reviewing evidences about the relationship between gender and economic consumption in health based on worldwide scientific literature published in the last 5 years.

Method: We conducted a narrative review of evidence from an initial pool of 904 articles, selecting information about gender-specific economic impact in any therapeutic area.

Results: After title, abstract and full text review, 111 articles were relevant to the paper scope. The reviewed studies seem to be confirming that a difference exists between males and females in the economic implications of healthcare management and that those differences are particularly relevant for cardiovascular and metabolic pathologies. Preliminary evidence suggests overall healthcare costs are slightly higher in females than males, while some specific and non-quantitative items of resource consumption, such as quality of prescriptions, might favour male patients.

Results do not allow to clearly claiming an overall cost shift towards males or females, since their polarization varies depending on the considered cost item or event category.

Conclusion: Studies suggested the presence of a gender difference in overall healthcare resource consumption and costs. Nevertheless, these aspects still lack thorough examination in literature and further analyses would be required on longer time periods.

Keywords: Gender medicine, health economics, pharmacoeconomy, health care, cardiovascular and metabolic pathologies, therapeutic area.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 25
Year: 2017
Page: [3713 - 3722]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666170510142933
Price: $58

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