Background: Epilepsy is a syndrome of brain dysfunction caused by spontaneous, abnormal
discharge. Many anti-epileptic drugs have developed in past decades. 5-HT is an important
neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous system of the human body which is involved
in a number of physiological activities, such as sensation, movement, and behavior. 5-HT subtype
have been divided into seven sub-groups from 5-HT1 to 5HT7. However, the role of 5-HT3 receptor
on epilepsy is unclear. Therefore, in this article, the possible role of 5-HT3 receptor on epilepsy was
Methods: Data were collected from Web of Science, Medline, Pubmed, Scopus, through searching
of these keywords: “5-HT3” and “epilepsy”.
Results: An increasing number of studies have shown that the activation of the 5-HT3 receptor can
inhibit epileptic seizures, while inhibition of the 5-HT3 receptor can promote spike waves.
Conclusion: In this review, we discuss the relationship between the 5HT3 receptor and epilepsy;
this review may provide a new insight for clinical application of epilepsy treatment.