Background: Lignin and cellulose, organic constituents of the plant or plant-based material
not commonly used for feeding purpose are referred as Biomass. Patents suggest that this can be used as
the best resource of renewable energy. Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizae (VAM) fungi can play an effective
role in biomass manufacturing through activated metabolism of the plant under dual symbiosis.
During C acclimatization, mycorrhizal inoculated plants existent greater number of leaves with a height
of plants as compared to non-mycorrhizal plants. The current article discloses the search of the natural
resources for C assimilation into biomass using mycorrhizal symbiosis.
Methods: The pot experiment was conducted in the natural environment for extraction of more bioenergy
through biomass of Conocarpus erectus L under VAM (Glomus fasciculatum) inoculation in various
environmental conditions with replicates.
Results: It observed that these fungal engineered plants showed distinctive prospective to offer, enhanced
biomass to energy couple with a strong network for sinking CO2 from the atmosphere via strong
roots and large surface area of leaves. There was an increase in biomass (9-17% respectively) of the
plant under drought-VAM, VAM inoculation and VAM- enriched CO2 conditions in same period in
comparison to control plants through lignin, cellulose and carbohydrate contents. It was followed by enhanced
enzyme activities and nutrient ions in dual symbiosis.
Conclusion: Coupling biomass-originated energy may recover environmental conditions and commercial
value for sustainable growth in energy consumption sector. The green energy from fungal engineered
plants may replace high demand of fossil fuel as a young biofuel and make the cities more productive
in the fabrication of bioenergy too in the form of biomass or biofuel with C impartial atmosphere.