Antileishmanial Drug Discovery: Synthetic Methods, Chemical Characteristics, and Biological Potential of Quinazolines and its Derivatives

Author(s): Adarsh Sahu*, Deepak Kumar, Ram Kishore Agrawal.

Journal Name: Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Leishmaniasis is a complex devastating disease that is widespread across the globe with 400 million people in 90 countries at a risk of acquiring leishmaniasis. It is caused by intracellular parasites belonging to genus Leishmania.

Objective: The therapeutic use of commonly available drugs like Pentostam, Glucantime, Amphotericin B, Paramomycin, and Miltefosine have has been declined due to their low efficacy, drug resistance and high toxicity. Therefore, a continuous effort is needed in order to find out less toxic and more successful drugs in future for the handling of leishmaniasis.

Results: Quinazoline derivatives are reported to have promising antileishmanial activities. A number of quinazoline derivatives were synthesized in the past three decades, by means of various synthetic pathways due to their ease of synthesis and favorable physicochemical properties.

Conclusion: This review focuses on various synthetic procedures, chemical characteristics and antileishmanial activities of various quinazoline derivatives with respect to antileishmanial drug discovery.

Keywords: Antileishmanial analogues, drug resistance, leishmaniasis, quinazolinone derivatives.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [3 - 32]
Pages: 30
DOI: 10.2174/1871523016666170502120210
Price: $58

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