Introduction: Over the past two decades, the Accreditation Council for Graduate
Medical Education and the Residency Review Committee included a focus on training OB/GYN
resident physicians with the knowledge of research principles and methodology. OB/GYN Residency
Programs complied with these requirements with curriculum innovations. The aim of this paper is
to evaluate the medical literature since 2000, from the perspective of a Resident (Research)
Program Director, and identify areas of successful curricular innovation and opportunities, in order
to augment current resident research programs.
Methods: This article examines Residency Research Curricula in North America with a critical
review of the literature. PubMed, MeSH, Medline, and Web of science were searched for English
language abstracts pertaining to this topic, and found 471 abstracts. Twenty original pertinent
articles were found. Cross-referencing provided an additional 4 articles.
Results: Themes from this literature review of 24 scientific, published articles include a nearuniversal
adoption of a resident research project requirement for OB/GYN resident programs
(99%), as Program Directors understood the importance of research training for future attending
physicians. Many successful OB/GYN Resident Research Programs have faculty mentors, a structured
resident research curriculum that includes study design and analysis, protected resident research
time, research funding, and a Resident Research Program Director. A disconnect was seen in lack of
research curriculum structure (over half of all programs), resident knowledge, and resident attitudes
to research. Many innovations attempt to overcome these attitudinal and curricular barriers, however
rigorous scientific methods have not been used to fully evaluate these changes, thus preventing
Conclusion: While critical curricular infrastructure has been established in many OB/GYN
residency programs and many challenges have been recognized, these innovations have not yet been
scientifically evaluated in a manner that allows for best practices to be recommended.