Discovery of Novel 2-Amino-5-(Substituted)-1,3,4-Thiadiazole Derivatives: New Utilities for Colon Cancer Treatment

Author(s): Vinit Raj, Amit Rai, Ashok K. Singh, Amit K. Keshari, Prakruti Trivedi, Balaram Ghosh, Umesh Kumar, Dinesh Kumar, Sudipta Saha*.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 5 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Colon cancer is one of the most widespread disease, the mortality rate is high due to cancer metastasis and the development of drug resistance. In this regards, new chemotherapeutic agents with specific mechanisms of action and significant effect on patient’s survival are the new era for the colon cancer drug development.

Objective: The main objective of present study was to design, synthesize of a novel series of 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives (VR1 to VR35) and screen them against HT-29 human colon cancer cell line.

Method: Newly 1,3,4-thiadiazole scaffold were designed, synthesized and further, characterized by FTIR, NMR (1H and 13C), MS and elemental analyses. Before the synthesis, molecular dynamic simulation and ADME studies were performed to find out the most potent lead compounds. Later, SRB assay using HT-29 cells and ELISA assays were performed to explore activity and molecular targets of VR24 and VR27 and find out whether in silico data had a similar pattern in the molecular level.

Results: The results of docking study revealed that both VR24 and VR27 had interaction energy >-5 kcal/mol with various assigned molecular targets and the ligand-protein complexes were found to be stable with IL-6. The computational analysis of molecules showed good ADMET profiling. Later, the in vitro anticancer study was conducted where VR24 and VR27 were found to be active against HT-29 cells (GI50<10 µM). Finally, ELISA assays revealed that both the compounds had higher inhibition properties to various biomarker of colon cancer like IL-6 and COX-2.

Conclusion: Collectively, these result suggested that VR24 and VR27 inhibited the assigned molecular targets, imparting their ameliorative effects against colon cancer. Due to these encouraging results, we concluded that both VR24 and VR27 may be effective against colon cancer therapy in future.

Keywords: 1, 3, 4-Thiadiazole, Wolff-Kishner reduction, HT-29 cells, Molecular docking and dynamics, Colon cancer, Interleukins and COX, ELISA.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2018
Page: [719 - 738]
Pages: 20
DOI: 10.2174/1871520617666170419122916
Price: $58

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