Thyroid Hormones, Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components

Author(s): Alessandro P. Delitala*, Giuseppe Fanciulli, Giovanni M. Pes, Margherita Maioli, Giuseppe Delitala.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 17 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of various metabolic parameters, which include diabetes, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, abdominal obesity, and hypertension. It has merged as a worldwide epidemic and a major public health care concern. However, due to the different criteria used for the assessment, the frequency of metabolic syndrome in the general population is variable but it is more common in the older people. Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to cardiovascular risk and increases cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality.

Recent evidences showed that alterations of the thyroid function could have an impact on the components of the metabolic syndrome, suggesting that thyroid hormones have a variety of effects on energy homeostasis, lipid and glucose metabolism, and blood pressure.

In this review, we summarize available data on the action of thyroid hormone on the components of metabolic syndrome.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular risk, obesity, thyroid hormone, subclinical hypothyroidism, obesity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [56 - 62]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1871530317666170320105221
Price: $58

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