Climate Changes and Human Health: A Review of the Effect of Environmental Stressors on Cardiovascular Diseases Across Epidemiology and Biological Mechanisms

Author(s): Paolo Giorgini*, Paolo Di Giosia, Marco Petrarca, Francesco Lattanzio, Cosimo Andrea Stamerra, Claudio Ferri.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 23 , Issue 22 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Climate change is rapidly affecting all the regions of our planet. The most relevant example is global warming, which impacts on the earth’s ecosystems, threatening human health. Other effects include extreme variations in temperature and increases in air pollution. These events may negatively impact mortality and morbidity for cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: In this review, we discuss the main effects of climate changes on cardiovascular diseases, reporting the epidemiological evidences and the biological mechanisms linking climate change consequences to hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, heart failure and stroke.

Results: Up to now, findings suggest that humans acclimate under different weather conditions, even though extreme temperatures and higher levels of air pollution can influence health-related outcomes. In these cases, climate change adversely affects cardiovascular system and the high-risk subjects for cardiovascular diseases are those more exposed.

Conclusion: Finally, we examine climate change implications on publich health and suggest adaptation strategies to monitor the high-risk population, and reduce the amount of hospital admissions associated to these events. Such interventions may minimize the costs of public health and reduce the mortality for cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Climate change, global warming, cardiovascular risk, air pollution, particulate matter, temperature, public health, epidemiology, ozone.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 22
Year: 2017
Page: [3247 - 3261]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666170317143248
Price: $58

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