Fungal Production and Manipulation of Plant Hormones

Author(s): Sandra Fonseca*, Dhanya Radhakrishnan, Kalika Prasad, Andrea Chini*.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 25 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Living organisms are part of a highly interconnected web of interactions, characterised by species nurturing, competing, parasitizing and preying on one another. Plants have evolved cooperative as well as defensive strategies to interact with neighbour organisms. Among these, the plant-fungus associations are very diverse, ranging from pathogenic to mutualistic. Our current knowledge of plant-fungus interactions suggests a sophisticated coevolution to ensure dynamic plant responses to evolving fungal mutualistic/pathogenic strategies.

The plant-fungus communication relies on a rich chemical language. To manipulate the plant defence mechanisms, fungi produce and secrete several classes of biomolecules, whose modeof- action is largely unknown. Upon perception of the fungi, plants produce phytohormones and a battery of secondary metabolites that serve as defence mechanism against invaders or to promote mutualistic associations. These mutualistic chemical signals can be co-opted by pathogenic fungi for their own benefit.

Among the plant molecules regulating plant-fungus interaction, phytohormones play a critical role since they modulate various aspects of plant development, defences and stress responses. Intriguingly, fungi can also produce phytohormones, although the actual role of fungalproduced phytohormones in plant-fungus interactions is poorly understood. Here, we discuss the recent advances in fungal production of phytohormone, their putative role as endogenous fungal signals and how fungi manipulate plant hormone balance to their benefits.

Keywords: Phytohormones, plant-fungus communication, fungal effectors, fungal secondary metabolites, plant hormones, TAM.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [253 - 267]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/0929867324666170314150827
Price: $58

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