In silico Investigation of Pullulanase Enzymes from Various Bacillus Species

Author(s): Seyyed Soheil Rahmatabadi, Issa Sadeghian, Navid Nezafat, Manica Negahdaripour, Nasim Hajighahramani, Shiva Hemmati, Younes Ghasemi*.

Journal Name: Current Proteomics

Volume 14 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Pullulanase is broadly used in saccharification process for glucose, maltose, maltotriose, and fructose production. The in silico investigation can be a useful approach to screen an enzyme with suitable characteristics for application in industry.

Objective: The aim of this study was an in silico characterization and functional analysis of pullulanases from different Bacillus species.

Method: A total number of 38 amino acid sequences of pullulanase were selected from different Bacillus species, and were investigated from the view of physiochemical properties, phylogenetic relation, and domain architecture.

Results: Computational analyses showed that the pI values of the pullulanases were in the range of 4-7, which indicated that the enzyme is active in acidic to neutral environments. The pI value greater than 7 belongs to pullulanase of Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus and Bacillus flexus (8.19 and 8.55, respectively), which indicated the basic properties of the enzymes in these two species. Their aliphatic indexes were in the range of 68-92. The pullulanase of Bacillus vireti had the highest aliphatic index and thermostability value. The enzymes half-lives were more than 16 h, except for Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (<5 h). All species had several domains with common α -amylase catalytic motif containing conserved Glu/Asp residues. Four domains were observed in the tertiary structure of Bacillus vireti pullulanase that were built by Swiss-model server. Two domains, CBM and α-amylase, were conserved among the studied species.

Conclusion: Our study revealed that the Bacillus vireti pullulanase had the higher thermostability and half-life compared to the other species. Therefore, pullulanase of Bacillus vireti is suggested as a suitable candidate for industrial usages. In this case, investigating the physiochemical characterstics, phylogenetic relation, secondary and tertiary structures of the enzyme can help us to improve the properties of enzyme that is important for industrial applications.

Keywords: Pullulanase, Bacillus, homology, physicochemical properties, phylogenetic tree, multiple sequence alignment.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [175 - 185]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1570164614666170306164830
Price: $58

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