Theoretical Studies for Dendrimer-Based Drug Delivery

Author(s): Martiniano Bello* , Jonathan Fragoso-Vázquez , José Correa-Basurto* .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 23 , Issue 21 , 2017

Abstract:

Background: Numerous theoretical studies have been performed to iteratively optimize the physicochemical properties such as dendrimer size and surface constituents in solution, as well as their molecular recognition properties for drugs, lipid membranes, nucleic acids and proteins, etc. Molecular modeling approaches such as docking and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations have supported experimental efforts by providing important insights into the structural properties of dendrimers in solution and possible binding properties of drugs at the atomic level.

Method: We review the utilization of molecular modelling tools to obtain insight into the study and design of dendrimers, with particular importance placed on the improvement of binding properties of dendrimers for their use as drug nanocarriers and to increase the water solubility properties and drug delivery.

Results: The modeling studies discussed in this review have provided substantial insight into the physicochemical properties of dendrimers in solution, including solvent pH and counterion distribution, at the atomic level, as well as the elucidation of some of the key interactions in solution of unmodified and modified dendrimers with some drugs of pharmaceutics interest and biological systems such as nucleic acids, proteins and lipid membranes.

Conclusion: the described studies illustrate that whether simulations will be run at the all-atom or coarse-grained level, physicochemical conditions such as the type of force field, the treatment of electrostatics effects, counterion distribution, protonation state of dendrimers, and dendrimer concentrations which have been probed to play a crucial role in the structural behavior and binding properties must be prudently incorporated in the simulations.

Keywords: Dendrimers, molecular dynamics, molecular docking, dendrimer-drug interaction, biomaterials, molecular recognition, nanocarriers.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 21
Year: 2017
Page: [3048 - 3061]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666170228142429
Price: $58

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