Current Vascular Pharmacology

Dimitri P. Mikhailidis  
Academic Head, Deptartment of Clinical Biochemistry
Royal Free Hospital Campus
University College London Medical School
University College London (UCL)
Pond Street
London, NW3 2QG
UK

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Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C): How Low?

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Thomas F. Whayne.

Abstract:

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a well-established major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor supported by clinical evidence showing decreased atherosclerotic disease events when LDL-C is therapeutically lowered. A reasonable approach is to tailor each patient’s LDL-C target level depending on the initial LDL-C level and the perceived risk. Multiple clinical entities such as the newborn, hypobetalipoproteinemia, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) missense mutations, and an unexpected excess response to a statin or other medications, are associated with very low LDL-C levels in otherwise healthy individuals. Therefore, an issue of major interest to clinicians who buy into “lower is better” for LDL-C in the high-risk CV patient is how low can and should the LDL-C be taken? Available information is discussed and placed into context. A definite safe lowest LDL-C level cannot be specified but there appears to be support that a level as low as 20 mg/dL (0.52 mmol/l) can be justified in the highest CV risk patients with extensive atherosclerosis where plaque stabilization and regression are necessary.

Keywords: Coronary artery disease, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, peripheral arterial disease, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, statins

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
Year: 2017
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1570161115666170227102708
Price: $95