Substance and Non Substance Related Addiction Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment

Substance and Non Substance Related Addiction Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Substance and Non substance Related Addiction Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment is an accessible handbook about the two main types of addiction disorders. It is divided into three sections which ...
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Non-Substance-Related Addictive Disorders

Pp. 216-226 (11)

Subhash C. Bhatia and Shashi K. Bhatia


Historically, since ancient times mankind around the globe has resorted to gambling behavior in one or other form, there is no specific cause for gambling addiction. Like other addictions genetic, biological, psychological and environmental causes play a part. Often competitive workaholics are drawn to gambling. Drugs like levodopa for parkinsonism may increase gambling behavior. Gambling is more common in younger individuals with no difference between sexes. Gambling has similar reward pathways as for other addictions and has impulsive and compulsive quality. These individuals show preoccupation with gambling, seek thrill from it, hide or lie about losses and at times experience remorse or guilt and try unsuccessfully to cut down and often chase their losses with a hope to “hit a big jackpot”. Diagnosis is based on DSM-5 criteria. Certain scales can be used to assess its severity. There are no known proven preventive strategies for gambling. Also there are no approved pharmacological interventions, however research favors therapeutic value of SSRIs, mood stabilizers and opiate antagonists . Like for other addictions gambling and related disorders also benefit from motivational enhancement, individual, group, couple and family therapies as well as self-help groups like Gambling Anonymous (GA).


Card game gambling, Casino gambling, Cockfight, Compulsive gambling, Dogfight betting, Horse race betting, Internet gaming and gambling, Lottery betting, Pathological gambling, Problem gambling, Slot machine gambling, Sports betting, Wagering.


Department of Psychiatry, Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences, Creighton University; Department VA Nebraska- Western Iowa Health Care System 4101 Woolworth Ave Omaha, NE 68105, USA.