Caffeine Related Use Disorder
Pp. 99-108 (10)
Subhash C. Bhatia, Venkata Kolli, Shashi K. Bhatia and Usha Kanthety
80% of the World’s population consumes caffeine. Its impact on mental
health often goes unrecognized. Caffeine use has comorbidity with other substance use
disorders. Caffeine is a methylxanthine and exerts its actions by inhibiting adenosine
receptors. Caffeine is a stimulant, mild to moderate use has beneficial effects like
improving attention and concentration, but problem use can mimic anxiety, sleep and
mood disorders. High dose caffeine can even result in death. In this chapter, we discuss
common presentations of caffeine use disorders, their recognition and management.
Caffeine withdrawal can present with mood disturbance and headaches, instant
alleviation of these symptoms with caffeine perpetuates its use. Caffeine withdrawal
with abrupt cessation typically lasts 2-4 days. Calculating baseline consumption and
gradually reducing the caffeine intake can address the impact of the withdrawal
Adenosine, Caffeine, Caffeine intoxication, Caffeine use disorders,
Caffeine withdrawal, Methylxanthine.
Department of Psychiatry, Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences, Creighton University; Department VA Nebraska- Western Iowa Health Care System 4101 Woolworth Ave Omaha, NE 68105, USA.