Background: Entrepreneurial support is an important factor that affects innovation and new
technology development of a country. Scientific publications and patent applications are the indicators
of the innovation level.
Methods: In this study, the effect of entrepreneurial support on scientific publications and patent applications
is analyzed by using the data collected at the country level. Descriptive statistics and correlations
among the variables are presented. A fuzzy clustering approach is used to form groups of countries
using entrepreneurial support data and then the mean differences between scientific publications and patent
applications are revealed with the analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: There is a significant difference among the clusters in terms of both patent applications and total
publications. This indicates that the countries with higher entrepreneurial support provide higher patent
applications and scientific publications.
Conclusion: Entrepreneurial support is the key to achieve higher innovation levels and new technologies.
In order to be successful in the long term, the governments should support entrepreneurial activities.