Personalized Medicine Applied to Forensic Sciences: New Advances and Perspectives for a Tailored Forensic Approach

Author(s): Alessandro Santurro, Anna Maria Vullo, Marina Borro, Giovanna Gentile, Raffaele La Russa, Maurizio Simmaco, Paola Frati*, Vittorio Fineschi.

Journal Name:Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 18 , Issue 3 , 2017

Abstract:

Personalized medicine (PM), included in P5 medicine (Personalized, Predictive, Preventive, Participative and Precision medicine) is an innovative approach to the patient, emerging from the need to tailor and to fit the profile of each individual. PM promises to dramatically impact also on forensic sciences and justice system in ways we are only beginning to understand. The application of omics (genomic, transcriptomics, epigenetics/imprintomics, proteomic and metabolomics) is ever more fundamental in the so called “molecular autopsy”. Emerging fields of interest in forensic pathology are represented by diagnosis and detection of predisposing conditions to fatal thromboembolic and hypertensive events, determination of genetic variants related to sudden death, such as congenital long QT syndromes, demonstration of lesions vitality, identification of biological matrices and species diagnosis of a forensic trace on crime scenes without destruction of the DNA. The aim of this paper is to describe the state-of-art in the application of personalized medicine in forensic sciences, to understand the possibilities of integration in routine investigation of these procedures with classical post-mortem studies and to underline the importance of these new updates in medical examiners’ armamentarium in determining cause of death or contributing factors to death.

Keywords: Personalized medicine, forensic sciences, theragnostic, molecular autopsy, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, pharmacogenomics, metabolomics, sudden death.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [263 - 273]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389201018666170207141525
Price: $58

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