Traditional Fruits of Kerala: Bioactive Compounds and their Curative Potential in Chronic Diseases (E-pub Ahead of Print)
Plants are the primary source of various types of edible products, of which fruits form a major class. Several fruits are being used all over the world for edible as well as medicinal purposes. Based on the place of origin and preferred climatic conditions, fruits are being classified broadly to temperate and tropical fruits. Kerala, a southern state in India, which is also known as “god’s own country” because of its peculiar climatic and geographical conditions, have been using a wide variety of fruits traditionally. Compared to the other parts of India, tropical fruits are produced in Kerala. This includes jackfruit, mango, papaya, banana, guava etc. They are used widely for edible purposes as well as in traditional and folk medicine. Most of these fruits are sources of several bioactive compounds including phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanin etc. Studies have reported a wide array of health benefits including lipid lowering, hypoglycemic and anticancer effects. The present review attempts to provide a summary of traditionally used fruits in Kerala and a brief outline of their bioactive components emphasizing its health promoting effects.
Keywords: Tropical fruits, Kerala, chronic diseases, antioxidants, cardiovascular diseases, bioactive compounds.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport