Background and Objective: Chitosan is a polymer widely used in the pharmaceutical industry.
It is capable of interacting with sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) forming nanoparticles (NPs) from
the process of ionic gelation. This process uses factors that allow modulating the size of the NPs to be
obtained. One of these factors is the incorporation of modifying agents of the ionic strength in the medium
in order to obtain more stable and smaller NPs.
Methods: A study of different salts was carried out. These were incorporated into the medium in concentrations
that ranged between 0.05 M and 0.1 M. The characterization of NPs was performed by
means of dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy.
Results: The salts that could decrease the size of the NPs less than 100 nm were NaCl, KCl and Na-
, finally selecting NaCl as modifier agent of the ionic strength. Subsequently, the elaboration
process of Chitosan NPs was optimized by means of an experimental design, being finally obtained
particles with an average submicron diameter of 64.5 ± 1.8 nm, with irregular shape, smooth surface
and a positive zeta potential of 32.6 ± 3.9 mV.
Conclusion: In the analysis of salts it was possible to identify that only NaCl and NaHCO3
of decreasing the size of chitosan NPs under 100 nm, obtaining particles of irregular shape and