Diagnosis and Treatment of Dyslipidaemias in Athletes

Author(s): Georgios A. Christou, Evangelia J. Kouidi, Asterios P. Deligiannis, Dimitrios N. Kiortsis*.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

The beneficial effects of chronic exercise training on lipoprotein metabolism include a considerable increase in serum high density lipoprotein-cholesterol and a reduction in serum triglyceride levels. These changes are mostly reported in athletes participating in dynamic sports, especially in the endurance ones. Diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidaemias in athletes should follow the main principles of management of dyslipidaemias for the general population, while specific considerations for athletes should be taken into account. Dyslipidaemias in athletes are usually characterized by a significant genetic predisposition. Clinicians who evaluate the lipoprotein profile of athletes should keep in mind the possibility of an illegal use of performance-enhancing drugs, which can influence lipoprotein metabolism. Lifestyle intervention should be the cornerstone of treatment of dyslipidaemias in athletes, but it should be tailored to the needs of individual athletic activity. Hypolipidaemic medications may not be well-tolerated by competitive athletes and should be reserved only for athletes with inadequate response to lifestyle measures. The treatment of dyslipidaemias in athletes should aim at reducing cardiovascular risk without compromising athletic performance.

Keywords: Sports, dyslipidaemia, athletes, lipoproteins, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [238 - 247]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1570161115666170127162526
Price: $58

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