Schinus areira L. (syn. Schinus molle L. var. areira (L.) DC.) belongs to the Anacardiaceae
family, native to South America, now widely distributed in temperate zones of the world,
known as “aguaribay”, “árbol de la pimienta”, “pepper tree”, “terebinto” or “pimentero”. It is considered
a medicinal plant in the folk medicine and it is also appreciated by its culinary properties. Its
fruits are used as a spice and to prepare a popular drink named “chicha”. These popular uses have
stimulated a number of biological and chemical studies. This communication offers a general view
of the structural characteristics of the secondary metabolites isolated from S. areira L., as well as
their ethnomedicinal uses, biological activities and toxicological considerations.
Keywords: Schinus, Anacardiaceae, biological activity, secondary metabolites, traditional uses, medicinal plants.
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