Synergistic Interaction Between Heme Oxygenase (HO) and Nuclear-Factor E2- Related Factor-2 (Nrf2) against Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Related Diseases

Author(s): Joseph Fomusi Ndisang* .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 23 , Issue 10 , 2017

Abstract:

Background: Nuclear factor-erythroid related factor-2 (Nrf2) is a master regulator of transcriptional activation of anti-oxidants in cells. Similarly, heme oxygenase (HO) is a cytoprotective protein with anti-oxidant effects. This review article will shed more light on the interaction between Nrf2 and HO.

Methods and Results: A PubMed search was done for recent articles on Nrf2 and HO. These studies suggested that under normal physiological conditions, Nrf2 is bound within the cytoplasm to its repressor, Kelch-like ECHassociated protein (Keap1), an oxidative stress sensor. Upon activation, Nrf2 translocates to the nucleus and binds to the antioxidant-response-element located at the promoter region of some anti-oxidants including the cytoprotective protein HO. Since the HO-1 gene harbors binding site for Nrf2, mutual stimulatory and regulatory effects between Nrf2 and HO-1 have been reported. Accordingly, the interaction between Nrf2 and HO-1 has been implicated in the regulation of many physiological anti-oxidants including superoxide dismutases, catalase, glutathione S-transferase, peroxidase, NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase, and thioredoxin.

Conclusion: Although an overwhelming body of evidence has underscored unique anti-oxidant attributes of HO- 1 and Nrf2, emerging evidence suggests that the cytoprotective activities of Nrf2 and HO-1 may be attributed, at least in part, to the potentiation of different anti-oxidants in physiological mileu. Since Nrf2 binds to the antioxidant responsive element of HO-1, the coordinated regulation of Nrf2 and keap1 by the HO-system may constitute the basis of many physiological effects of HO-1 including its effects against oxidative stress and inflammation in a wide spectrum of cardiovascular, cardio-metabolic and other related diseases.

Keywords: Heme oxygenase, nuclear-factor-E2-related-factor-2, oxidative stress, inflammation, cardiovascular disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2017
Page: [1465 - 1470]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666170113153818
Price: $58

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