Advanced Oxidation Processes for Antibiotics Removal: A Review

Author(s): Giusy Lofrano*, Roberta Pedrazzani, Giovanni Libralato, Maurizio Carotenuto.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 21 , Issue 12 , 2017

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Abstract:

Year-by-year, the amount of antibiotics for human and veterinary use increases. Their presence in both treated and untreated wastewater was highlighted in several studies, suggesting that traditional activated sludge processes are unsuitable for their efficient removal. In this review paper, we summarized the role of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in antibiotics removal evidencing their pros, cons and limitations. In most cases, they are still applied at laboratory or pilot scale, with just few examples of full-scale applications. Main constraints are related to energy cost, catalyst management and potential residual toxicity in treated effluents. The main advantages are related to the full mineralization of target compounds or the ability to increase their relative biodegradability. Future challenges include nano-based green synthetized catalysts maximizing the use of solar radiation for energy saving. Generally, AOPs application is part of a more structured wastewater treatment process including operating units at various technological contents.

Keywords: Antibiotics, advanced oxidation processes, toxicity, by-products.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2017
Page: [1054 - 1067]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1385272821666170103162813
Price: $58

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