The aim of this paper is to provide an overview on the different approaches that can be employed to
drive a photo-Fenton process under mild conditions, using both heterogeneous and homogeneous iron sources.
For this purpose, sections are devoted to the following strategies: a) addition of iron at low concentrations; b)
using the matrix of the effluent in order to avoid deactivation of iron; c) addition of chemical auxiliaries to
form photoactive complexes with iron, such as carboxylates, chelating agents and humic-like macromolecules;
d) strategies leading to the application of heterogeneous photo-Fenton process, by using iron-based solid
particles or by hosting iron on different supports and; e) using heterogeneous iron sources as a reservoir for
constant dosing of homogeneous iron photocatalyst. In particular, the review will focus on the elimination of
emerging pollutants (e.g. drugs, personal care products or pesticides at low concentrations) which are the effluents
where applying neutral photo-Fenton seems especially meaningful, although relevant works with other
families of pollutants are also considered.
Keywords: Wastewater treatment, photo-Fenton, mild pH, complexing agents, heterogeneous process, xenobiotics.
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