Background & Objective: Fungi are responsible for producing infections in humans. While all humans
are susceptible to these disorders, immunocompromised people are the most at risk. Although it appears
that we have many antifungal drugs in clinical use, unfortunately, most antifungal drugs currently in use have
serious limitations or some drawbacks in pharmacokinetic aspects such as they do not possess an adequate
solubility. As complement, fungi have developed a significant resistance against them because of their indiscriminate
and even irrational use in some cases. Considering such situation, there is an urgent need to develop
new and more effective antifungal drugs.
Discussion: For such reason, in recent years there has been an incredible increase in the number of studies
looking for new compounds with antifungal effects; in particular new structures obtained from natural products.
While a large number of compounds with antifungal activities (some of them with novel structures) have
been reported, very few have managed to be used therapeutically. In this review article, we have identified and
discussed the main reasons for the poor results that have been obtained so far in order to find new antifungal
drugs. Also, new strategies which could be under way to improve the search for new antifungal agents for
therapeutic use are discussed here, remarking their scope and limitations.