Background: VANETs demand a fast and reliable data transmission in real time for safety
concerns, which is challenging due to vehicles’ fast movement, network topology dynamics, and
communication network varieties. This paper reviews current scientific and patent literature and proposes
an efficient and adaptive broadcast protocol using neighbor nodes ’distances and driving directions
to determine packet forwarding nodes. The protocol is capable of discovering cross roads utilizing
neighbor nodes’ moving direction information, therefore suitable for broader application scenarios
including intersections and straight road.
Methods: We use periodic hello packets to establish neighbor list, and use information of neighbors,
including the driving direction of neighbors and neighbor distance, to select a forwarding node. We
propose a hybrid of distance and neighbor list forwarding broadcast protocol.
Results: This paper focuses mainly on reducing broadcast delay and improving dissemination range in
VANET and avoiding impacts of the network topology changes. The density of road vehicles is an
important factor for time-critical safety applications. Our OPNET Modeler simulation results demonstrate
the following advantages of the protocol: less broadcast packets, broader transmission range,
and higher channel utilization.
Conclusion: Our scheme can not only effectively reduce the number of redundant data packets, but
also broadcast the packets towards more road traffic intersections. The simulation results show that
out scheme can forward the packets to all road segments with minimum overhead and highest successful
packet delivery rate. So, our broadcast protocol can be applied to various scenarios in VANETs.