Complicities Between Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Genetics: New Opportunities for Genomics?
Pp. 206-218 (13)
Eugenia Cunha and Manuela Lima
Human genome projects have been generating a vast amount of data which
is impacting several areas, and forensic anthropology is no exception. In this chapter
the interrelation between forensic anthropology and forensic genetics is highlighted,
and the potential role that genomics can have in forensic science is addressed. The
main sub-areas to which forensic anthropology can call the expertise of forensic
genetics are listed and discussed. Genome-wide studies have recently started to be used
to generate data which can efficiently aid forensic anthropologists; noteworthy,
epigenetic analysis has also demonstrated its potential of application to questions that
are posed to forensic anthropology. We argue that the partnership between forensic
anthropology and forensic genetics is essential for stepping further in forensic sciences
and that recent genomic tools have the potential to efficiently resolve questions left
unanswered by genetics.
Ancestry analysis, Forensic anthropology, Forensic genetics, Next
generation sequencing, Positive identification, Sex diagnosis, Whole genome
Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology, Department of Life Sciences, Centre of Functional Ecology, University of Coimbra, Calcada Martim de Freitas, 3000-456 Coimbra, Portugal.