A Review on Recent Patents and Applications of Inorganic Material Binding Peptides

Author(s): Veeranjaneyulu Thota, Carole C. Perry*.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Although the popularity of using combinatorial display techniques for recognising unique peptides having high affinity for inorganic (nano) particles has grown rapidly, there are no systematic reviews showcasing current developments or patents on binding peptides specific to these materials. In this review, we summarize and discuss recent progress in patents on material binding peptides specifically exploring inorganic nano surfaces such as metals, metal oxides, minerals, carbonbased materials, polymer based materials, magnetic materials and semiconductors. We consider both the peptide display strategies used and the exploitation of the identified peptides in the generation of advanced nanomaterials.

Method: In order to get a clear picture on the number of patents and literature present to date relevant to inorganic material binding biomolecules and their applications, a thorough online search was conducted using national and worldwide databases. The literature search include standard bibliographic databases while patents included EPO Espacenet, WIPO patent scope, USPTO, Google patent search, Patent lens, etc. along with commercial databases such as Derwent and Patbase. Both English and American spellings were included in the searches.

Results: The initial number of patents found related to material binders were 981. After reading and excluding irrelevant patents such as organic binding peptides, works published before 2001, repeated patents, documents not in English etc., 51 highly relevant patents published from 2001 onwards were selected and analysed. These patents were further separated into six categories based on their target inorganic material and combinatorial library used. They include relevant patents on metal, metal oxide or combination binding peptides (19), magnetic and semiconductor binding peptides (8), carbon based (3), mineral (5), polymer (8) and other binders (9). Further, how these material specific binders have been used to synthesize simple to complex bio- or nano-materials, mediate the controlled biomineralization process, direct self-assembly and nanofabrication of ordered structures, facilitate the immobilization of functional biomolecules and construct inorganic-inorganic or organic-inorganic nano hybrids are concisely described.

Conclusion: From analysis of recent literature and patents, we clearly show that biomimetic material binders are in the vanguard of new design approaches for novel nanomaterials with improved/ controlled physical and chemical properties that have no adverse effect on the structural or functional activities of the nanomaterials themselves.

Keywords: Affinity, application, biomolecule, combinatorial peptide display, material binding peptide, mediator, nanotechnology, selectivity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [168 - 180]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1872210509666161201195458
Price: $58

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