Probiotic Lactobacillus Strains. The Future Biological Missiles to Treat Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Short Communication

Author(s): Poornachandra Rao K., M.Y. Sreenivasa.

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Autism is characterized by communication impairments, neurobehavioral, social abnormalities and immunological and metabolic dysfunction. Among these, gastrointestinal abnormalities are of clinical importance associated with the autistic individuals. Gastrointestinal abnormalities can affect the neuropathological and behavioral features and contribute to pathogenesis of autistic symptoms. Now a spate of new studies supports this notion and suggests that restoring proper microbial balance could alleviate some of the disorder's behavioral symptoms. Evidence is mounting that some of the beneficial intestinal microbiome called probiotics favors the individuals with autism supporting the gut-brain barrier. These probiotics may provide therapeutic strategies for neurodevelopmental disorders. Therapies that target the gut microbiome may hold the key for making progress against a wide range of notoriously difficult psychiatric illnesses. Thus, a probiotic supplementation early in life may reduce the risk of neuropsychiatric disorder development later in childhood possible by mechanisms not limited to gut microbiota composition.

Keywords: Gut-brain barrier, microbiome, autistic symptoms, probiotic supplementation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [3 - 5]
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.2174/1573401313666161118162040
Price: $58

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